block

block1 [ blak ] noun count ***
▸ 1 piece of wood/stone etc.
▸ 2 distance along street
▸ 3 amount/quantity of something
▸ 4 period of time
▸ 5 (large) building
▸ 6 at start of race
▸ 7 something that stops movement
▸ 8 something that stops action
▸ 9 when you cannot think
▸ + PHRASES
1. ) a solid piece of wood, stone, ice, etc. with straight sides:
The baby was playing with wooden blocks.
block of: It's amazing to think that this huge statue was carved from a single block of marble.
2. ) AMERICAN the distance along a city street from where one road crosses it to the next road:
The school was only a few blocks from where she lived.
a ) an area of buildings in a town or city with streets on all four sides:
I was early for the meeting, so I walked around the block a couple of times.
3. ) an amount of something, or a number of individual things that are considered together as a single object:
block of: The company buys blocks of seats from airlines, then sells them to the public.
You can move blocks of text on-screen using the mouse.
a ) COMPUTING an amount of information considered as one unit:
block of: The hard disk contains a block of data known as the boot.
b ) AUSTRALIAN an area of land, especially for building on
4. ) a continuous period of time:
We need to find a two-hour block when we are all free for this seminar.
5. ) a building that is part of a larger building or group of buildings:
The prison's administration block overlooks the exercise yard.
a ) a large building with a lot of different levels:
There's a unit available in the apartment block where I live.
6. ) the blocks plural two pieces of metal or wood that runners use at the start of a race to push their feet against: STARTING BLOCKS
7. ) something that stops movement through a place or along something: BLOCKAGE:
There must be a block in the pipeline.
a ) a movement that stops someone from hitting you or from going forward
8. ) usually singular something that stops you from doing something or being successful:
The issue of vacation pay was the major block in reaching an agreement.
9. ) usually singular a short time when you are unable to think clearly or remember something that you usually know:
mental block: I had a sudden mental block and couldn't remember his name.
=> WRITER'S BLOCK
have been around the block (a couple of/a few times) INFORMAL
to have a lot of experience of something, especially when this means that it is difficult to trick or surprise you
I'll knock your/his etc. block off SPOKEN
used for threatening to hit someone who has annoyed you
on the block
for sale at an AUCTION (=a public sale where people offer money to buy things)
put your head/neck on the block
take a risk by doing or saying something that might damage your reputation, make people criticize you, etc.
=> CHIP1, KID1, STUMBLING BLOCK
block
block 2 [ blak ] verb transitive **
1. ) block or block up to stop something from moving through or along something else:
An old car was blocking the road.
Something is blocking the flow of water through the pipe.
a ) to stop someone from going past you by standing in front of them:
block someone's way/exit/path etc.: A crowd of people blocked his way to the gate.
He stood by the door, deliberately blocking her exit.
b ) to use your body to stop someone from hitting something, or to stop a ball from going somewhere:
In blocking the linebacker, Mario sprained his shoulder.
She expertly blocked all her opponent's punches.
2. ) to use your power to stop something from being done or from succeeding:
She accused him of blocking her promotion.
The plan to build a new nursery school was blocked by local residents.
a ) to stop a natural process from happening:
The drug acts by blocking the release of testosterone.
3. ) to be in front of someone so that they cannot see something or so that light cannot reach them:
Her hat was blocking his view of the screen.
Don't stand in the doorway, you're blocking the light.
4. ) to mark a piece of writing or other information on a computer screen so you can do something with it:
You block a passage of text and hit Control+C to center it on the page.
,block `in phrasal verb transitive
1. ) to stop someone from moving their car out of a place:
When I came back to the parking lot my car was blocked in.
2. ) to completely cover a large area of something such as a painting with one color:
Broad flat brushes are useful when you are blocking in color.
3. ) block in or block out to plan something large or complicated by organizing your general ideas for it:
Just block in the main points for now and we'll sort the details out later.
,block `off phrasal verb transitive
1. ) to cover or close something completely so that nothing can move through it:
Snow had blocked off several streets.
2. ) to completely stop something from happening or progressing
,block `out phrasal verb transitive
1. ) to stop light or sound from reaching something:
That tree in the neighbor's yard blocks out a lot of our light.
2. ) to stop yourself from thinking about or remembering something:
He had always managed to block out the incident.
3. ) same as BLOCK IN 3
,block `up phrasal verb transitive
same as BLOCK 2 1:
We had continual problems with leaves blocking up the gutters.

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.

Synonyms:
, , , , , , , , , (as of wood or stone), / , , (on a block), (on which objects are made) / , , , , , / (in a square or a continuous row), / , / , / (in fig. sense), , / , , ,


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